Tuesday, May 9, 2017
Our Deadly Southern Border Country. Another Reason For The Wall
Mexico was second deadliest country in 2016
By Elizabeth Roberts, CNN
Updated 12:48 PM ET, Tue May 9, 2017
No way out: Drug cartels recruit kids for life03:59
(CNN)It was the second deadliest
conflict in the world last year, but it
hardly registered in the international
As Syria, Iraq and Afghanistan dominated the news agenda, Mexico's drug wars claimed 23,000 lives during 2016 -- second only to Syria, where 50,000 people died as a result of the civil war.
"This is all the more surprising, considering that the conflict deaths [in Mexico] are nearly all attributable to small arms," said John Chipman, chief executive and director-general of the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS), which issued its annual survey of armed conflict on Tuesday.
"The wars in Iraq and Afghanistan claimed 17,000 and 16,000 lives respectively in 2016, although in lethality they were surpassed by conflicts in Mexico and Central America, which have received much less attention from the media and the international community," said Anastasia Voronkova, the editor of the survey.
In comparison, there were 17,000 conflict deaths in Mexico in 2015 and
15,000 in 2014 according to the IISS.
Rising death toll
Voronkova said the number of homicides rose in 22 of Mexico's 32 states
during 2016 and the rivalries between cartels increased in violence.
"It is noteworthy that the largest rises in fatalities were registered in states
that were key battlegrounds for control between competing, increasingly
fragmented cartels," she said.
"The violence grew worse as the cartels expanded the territorial reach of
their campaigns, seeking to 'cleanse' areas of rivals in their efforts to
secure a monopoly on drug-trafficking routes and other criminal assets."
Rivalries between the cartels wreak havoc on the lives of civilians who
have nothing to do with narcotics. Bystanders, people who refused to
join cartels, migrants, journalists and government officials have all been killed.
Not on news agenda
Jacob Parakilas, assistant head of the US and the Americas Programme
at London-based think tank Chatham House, said part of the reason for
the relative lack of attention paid to Mexico in the international media is
"it's not a war in the political sense of the word. The participants largely
don't have a political objective. They're not trying to create a breakaway
state. It doesn't come with the same visuals. There are no air strikes.
"Also this has been going on since the beginning of the modern drug trade
in the Americas. It's not news in that sense. And Mexico is one of the most dangerous countries in the world to be a journalist. They are intentionally
targeted in Mexico, which puts a dampener on the ability to report on this."
Drug kingpin Joaquin "El Chapo" Guzman is facing trial in New York.
There have, however, been significant arrests in relation to the Mexican
drug trade in recent times.
Damaso Lopez Nunez, a high-ranking leader of Mexico's Sinaloa drug
cartel, was arrested on May 2 in Mexico City and could face charges in
the US, authorities said.