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Tuesday, February 14, 2017

More On Pipelines. Where Are They And What Do They Carry?

Where Are Liquids

 Pipelines Located?


Source: American Energy Mapping (AEM) 2013

  • NGL
  • CO₂

The map above shows major crude oil, refined products and
 highly volatile liquids pipelines in the U.S.
Pipelines exist almost everywhere. Natural gas is delivered
 directly to homes in relatively small diameter distribution
 lines buried under the street and even your own yard. Larger
 cross-country transmission pipelines delivering gasoline, home
 heating oil, or moving crude oil or natural gas are actually
 easier to find.
Nearly the entire mainline pipe is buried, but other pipeline
 components such as pump stations are above ground. Some
 lines are as short as a mile, while others may extend
 1,000 miles or more.
Although a large number of pipeline systems cove
r distances similar to these, not all petroleum markets
 are as distant from the point of supply as others. Some
pipelines start from ports, such as San Diego or San
 Francisco and serve inland areas in California and the
 southwestern U.S. region. Each region of the country
 has some unique aspects. Very few pipelines actually
 cross the highest parts of the Rocky Mountains since the
distances are long and the population centers small. But
smaller refineries and regional pipelines serve these areas
as well.
The United States has the largest network of energy
 pipelines in the world, with more than 2.4 million miles of pipe.
The network of crude oil pipelines in the U.S. is extensive.
There are approximately 72,000 miles of crude oil lines
 in the U.S. that connect regional markets.
Pipeline companies keep in touch with local emergency
 responders along pipeline rights-of-way and work with,
 and sometimes even train with fire departments or
 hazardous materials units.
One useful source of pipeline location information is the
 National Pipeline Mapping System (NPMS). The NPMS
shows pipelines at the county by county scale.
Government officials and emergency response officials
have access to information at a more detailed scale.